200602 New Publi

Biomechanics of graded running: Part II-Joint kinematics and kinetic

Authors: Arash Khassetarash, Gianluca Vernillo, Aaron Martinez, Michael Baggaley, Marlene Giandolini, Nicolas Horvais, Guillaume Y Millet, William Brent Edwards.

Published: 2 June 2020 - Scand J Med Sci Sports. 

ABSTRACT

Compared to level running (LR), different strategies might be implemented by runners to cope with specific challenges of graded running at different speeds. The changes in joint kinetics and kinematics associated with graded running have been investigated, but their interactions with speed are unknown. Nineteen participants ran on an instrumented treadmill at five grades (0°, ±5° and ± 10°) and three speeds (2.50, 3.33 and 4.17 m/s), while 3D motion and forces were recorded. Three speed × five-grade repeated-measures ANOVA was used to analyze kinetic and kinematic variables. A speed × grade interaction was observed for hip range of motion (ROM). Downhill running (DR) at fastest speed did not reduce ROM at the hip, compared to LR. Compared to LR, it was observed that the hip joint was responsible for a greater contribution of energy generation while running at the fastest speed at +10°. Speed × grade interactions were also observed for the energy absorption, peak moment, and peak power at the knee. Contrary to LR, running faster during UR did not require higher peak power at the knee. Finally, DR at the fastest speed did not increase peak negative power at the knee compared to LR. This study demonstrates that ankle, knee, and hip joint kinetics depend on speed and grade of running, while the effect of grade on joint kinematics was not substantially modulated by speed.

Keywords: downhill; joint power; joint work; slope; uphill.

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